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Low income people and people of color disproportionately end up in the prison system. In 2010, Native American women made up 0.7% of the U.S. population, but accounted for more than 2.5% of incarcerated women. Similarly, white women are imprisoned only half as often as Black women in the U.S., and white women born in 2001 have a 1 and 111 chance of incarceration while Latinx women have a 1 in 45 chance. Within both state and federal prisons, Black and Latinx parents make up a significantly higher proportion of all incarcerated parents. As such, their children disportionately end up in foster care. They are also less likely to be adopted. In fact, white children are three times more likely to be adopted than are children of color.  In addition, women at or below the poverty line are also incarcerated at higher rates than their higher-income counterparts. Studies show that as income rises, the odds of being incarcerated drop dramatically, putting poor mothers at higher risk of incarceration and, therefore, losing custody of their children. These children can then end up in the foster care system, where they receive little information about their parents and are often hundreds of miles away from them. The disproportionate representation of racialized and low-income mothers in the prison system perpetuates economic inequality and racism, while separating more and more mothers from their children, and making reunification difficult. 

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